Mademoiselle de Maupin is explored as a text that, through a multiplicity of signs containing two isotopes – sexual and artistic – dissimulates an æsthetic message within an erotic one.
The occasions conventionally referred to as expériences proustiennes are only the ultimate solutions to the problems posed by time.
In the mythical world created by Balzac, Vautrin (Illusions perdues and Splendeurs et misères des courtisanes) personifies crime, evil, and the upwardly mobile proletariat.
Edouard Drumont (1844-1917), author of La France Juive and editor of La Libre Parole, fancied himself the worthy successor of Balzac on the matter of recording the image of society.
Gautier, although untrained and perhaps disinterested in the art, wrote many articles on music during his journalistic career.
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