The Woman Beneath: The femme de marbre in Zola's La Faute de l'abbé Mouret

In Zola's La Faute de l'abbé Mouret, female characters traditionally have been labeled as either chaste or erotic figures.

Harder, Hollie Markland

Pricking the Male Ego: Pins and Needles in Flaubert, Maupassant, and Zola

If the ubiquity of the solitary seamstress in nineteenth-century French painting appears to reflect women's lives in bourgeois and aristocratic milieux, the notion of feminine submission to a domestic ideal that such art appears to represent is pr

Donaldson-Evans, Mary.

'Une femme qui rêve n'est pas tout à fait une femme': Lélia en rupture d'identité

In the first version of her novel Lélia (1833), George Sand raises the question of a woman's identity to a crisis point by articulating it around the heroine's frigidity.

Ender, Evelyn.

Impressionnisme Poétique chez Marie Krysinska: Esthétique de L'Ambiguïté et Démarche Féministe

Marie Krysinska, Polish-born French woman poet, musician, femme chansonnier, and novelist of the decadent and symbolist period, innovated with free verse and was an active member of turn-of-the-century Parisian literary cabarets.

Goulesque, Florence
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