Réalité et imaginaire des parcs et des jardins dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle

Although gardens have always played an important part in European literature, their representation becomes gradually more prevalent in French art and literature after 1850.

Santos, José.

The Secret Self: A Reading of Musset’s André del Sarto

The prose drama André del Sarto occupies a transitional position within Musset’s dramatic œuvre, crowning the œuvres de jeunesse while announcing the masterpieces of 1833 and 1834.

McCready, Susan.

Baudelaire's L'Etranger as Parlor Game

In Baudelaire's prose poem, "L'Etranger," the initial question, the conspicuous monotony of questions and answers, the extreme banality, and the form (interrogation-response in dialogue) are all elements that suggest its having

Cargo, Robert T

Les Fleurs du mal and the Exotic: The Escapist Psychology of Visionary Poet

The development of the escapist psychology of Les Fleurs du mal corresponds to an autobiographical account of real and illusory experiences.

Henry, Freeman G

Quincey, Baudelaire and `Le Cygne'

Parallels of theme, symbol, and structure between De Quincey's Suspiria de Profundis and Baudelaire's "Cygne" suggest some influence of the former upon the latter.

Gale, John E

Rodin's `Balzac' as Symbol of Nineteenth-Century History and Art

Rodin's "Balzac" is shown as summary and symbol of all major nineteenth century styles, recapitulating Romanticism and Realism, and illustrating Impressionism while forging a symbolist aesthetic in sculpture of which it will rem

Mendelson, Marcel L

Mallarmé: A Poet and his Critics

As Mallarmé's prestige reached its apogee among the creative elite toward the middle of this century, countless reputable critics continued to attack his work as "obscure," "precious," a "failure," and so on.

Cohn, Robert G

Flaubert's Esthetics and the Problem of Knowledge

Gustave Flaubert never wrote a treatise on aesthetics, but his correspondence is studded with his remarks on art. Central to these remarks is the relationship between art and knowledge.

Gray, Eugene F

Baudelaire's Mysterious `Enemy'

Intrigued by Charles Asselineau's statement that Baudelaire's poem "L'Ennemi" was "à lui seul la clef et la moralité du livre," a number of scholars have attempted to determine the identity of the "obscur Ennemi" that slowly dev

Rosenthal, Alan S


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