Many characters in La Chartreuse de Parme are attentive to particular verbal signs and indices and to the various functions of communication that predominate in each of the three main sections of the novel.
In 1838, at the age of twenty-six Théophile Gautier published, in his collection of poetry La Comédie de la mort, the poem "L'Hippopotame," which has many points in common with the chant "The Rhinoceros" (by an unknown author),
An alchemical analysis of Le Marquis de Fayolle in which the characters and events evolve in accordance with the three main transformatory phases that alchemists have depicted in terms of color: Chaos Blackens, Dawn Whitens, the Resplendent flame
The July events and the behavior of the king during the Revolution induced in Vigny a critical attitude toward the "legitimate" monarchy of Bourbon. 1880 marked the start of "the most philosophical epoch" in Vigny's life.
Sokolova, T. V. (Translated from the Russian by Max Oppenheimer, Jr.)