Rodin's "Balzac" is shown as summary and symbol of all major nineteenth century styles, recapitulating Romanticism and Realism, and illustrating Impressionism while forging a symbolist aesthetic in sculpture of which it will rem
As Mallarmé's prestige reached its apogee among the creative elite toward the middle of this century, countless reputable critics continued to attack his work as "obscure," "precious," a "failure," and so on.
George Sand was always interested in the education of children and her ideas on the subject are scattered throughout her writings, including her letters and novels, especially in her memoirs, Histoire de ma vie, and in an articl
Séverine, a prolific and popular woman journalist, took an independent and courageous stand on all of the issues of her day. A protégée of Jules Vallès, she helped bring the author back into French journalism after the Commune.