Rodin's `Balzac' as Symbol of Nineteenth-Century History and Art

Rodin's "Balzac" is shown as summary and symbol of all major nineteenth century styles, recapitulating Romanticism and Realism, and illustrating Impressionism while forging a symbolist aesthetic in sculpture of which it will rem

Mendelson, Marcel L

Mallarmé: A Poet and his Critics

As Mallarmé's prestige reached its apogee among the creative elite toward the middle of this century, countless reputable critics continued to attack his work as "obscure," "precious," a "failure," and so on.

Cohn, Robert G

George Sand: The Fictions of Autobiography

The ambiguous relation of autobiography to narrative fictions triggered by "fictions of the self" have received much critical attention.

Brée, Germaine

George Sand et l'éducation

George Sand was always interested in the education of children and her ideas on the subject are scattered throughout her writings, including her letters and novels, especially in her memoirs, Histoire de ma vie, and in an articl

Lubin, Georges

George Sand: la formation et l'éducation d'une femme écrivain

A biographical study devoted to the education of the young woman, Aurore Dupin, who would eventually take the pen name of George Sand, one of the most widely read writers of the nineteenth century.

Pécile, Marie-Jeanne

Séverine, écrivain de combat

Séverine, a prolific and popular woman journalist, took an independent and courageous stand on all of the issues of her day. A protégée of Jules Vallès, she helped bring the author back into French journalism after the Commune.

Braude, Beatrice

Octave Mirbeau antimilitariste

As a journalist, Mirbeau supported unknown writers and artists of his time as ardently as he denounced war, army and heroes in his novels.

Gruzinska, Aleksandra

Edouard Drumont as an écrivain de combat

The publication of La France juive in 1886 made its author Edouard-Alphonse Drumont, one of France's most celebrated écrivains de combat and its foremost popularizer of anti-Semitism.

Busi, Frederick A

The Literary Concept of Decadence in Fin de siècle Æstheticism

The literary concept of fin-de-siècle decadence has been defined in many ways. It has been described as involving a tainted, "gamy" or languid style.

Kaminsky, Alice R

History as Art: Ironic Parody in Anatole France's Les Sept Femmes de la Barbe-Bleue

France uses these parodies of fairy tales and folk legends to mock scholarly and scientific methodology and to demonstrate that historical commentary is not only irrelevant but also impossible.

Levy, Diane W


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