Tasso, Zola and the Vicissitudes of Pastoralism

The presence of pastoral topoi in Zola's narrative acquires significance in terms of the author's professed positivistic objectives for the novel, for the pastoral vision postulates a philosophy of life that predicates the aband

Musumeci, Antonino

Castagnary, le Naturalisme et Courbet

Jules-Antoine Castagnary (1830-1888), journalist, statesman, and art critic is best known for his ardent defense of his friend Courbet and for championing the cause of the Realist and Naturalist painters.

Paves-Yashinsky, Palomba

La Fille Elisa critique de prisons

Edmond de Goncourt wrote La Fille Elisa for the purpose of stirring the public conscience into action against the practice of continuous silence customary in the prisons of his days.

Michot-Dietrich, Hela

The French Influence in Kate Chopin's The Awakening

From the beginning of Kate Chopin's The Awakening, the influence of French culture is apparent.

Jasenas, Eliane

Daumier and Flaubert: Examples of Graphic and Literary Caricature

Examination of Flaubert's L'Éducation sentimentale reveals a series of allusions to lithographs by Honoré Daumier.

Coates, Carrol F

Flaubert's Esthetics and the Problem of Knowledge

Gustave Flaubert never wrote a treatise on aesthetics, but his correspondence is studded with his remarks on art. Central to these remarks is the relationship between art and knowledge.

Gray, Eugene F

Baudelaire's Mysterious `Enemy'

Intrigued by Charles Asselineau's statement that Baudelaire's poem "L'Ennemi" was "à lui seul la clef et la moralité du livre," a number of scholars have attempted to determine the identity of the "obscur Ennemi" that slowly dev

Rosenthal, Alan S

The Decadent Side of Æstheticism: Heredia's Antony and Cleopatra Triptych

Heredia's sonnets are generally presented as medallions, prime illustrations of static Parnassian art; the article considers three of them as illustrations of dynamic structure, formal and verbal.

Fischler, Alexander

Gérard de Nerval: Prodigal Son of History

Nerval's sense of history differs from the historical perspective of his own generation. His nostalgia for values of the ancien régime, especially legitimacy and permanence, inform his static concept of history.

Carroll, Robert C

Nerval's Sylvie: The Flight from Materiality

Sylvie is a drama of blocked maturation. Fearing adult commitment, the hero loses the women who attract him because he secretly wishes to.

Porter, Laurence M.


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