The notion of Flaubert as a precursor, launched in 1965, appropriately enough, by the author of the Age of Suspicion, has become a critical truism, a received idea familiar to specialist and non-specialist alike.
Joris-Karl Huysmans's À rebours may appear to be a flimsy descriptive tale about an isolated æsthete, designed simply to highlight the author's own bizarre æsthetic tastes or to provide a naturalistic portrait of the aesthete ty
This article studies, in the major novels of Flaubert, examples of discours as defined by Benveniste: those that contribute to the creation of a narrator in charge of the story (shifters, reflections, explanations, etc.).
Desire for the mother as the hidden truth of the fiction; identification with the father as the fiction or mask of the truth; these are the two poles that sustained Sand's autobiographical project in Histoire de ma vie.
Vérité de la fiction et fiction de la vérité dans Histoire de ma vie