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Maupassant and the Divided Self: `Qui sait?'

Traditionally critics of Guy de Maupassant's narrative "Qui sait?" (published in 1890, two years before his unsuccessful suicide attempt and subsequent confinement) have maintained that its protagonist's bizarre behavior reflect

Kurk, Katherine C

Did Rimbaud Really Know His Alphabet

Rimbaud's sonnet "Voyelles" (1872) is shown to perform an intertextual game by which the poet paradoxically evokes the future of French poetry through allusions to the biblical text of the Apocalypse.

Metzidakis, Stamos

Marx's Relevance for Second Empire Literature: Baudelaire's 'Le Cygne

This essay demonstrates the convergence between key Marxist philosophical-political conceptions and the details, structure, and impact of Baudelaire's poem.

Ahearn, Edward J

'Le Mauvais Vitrier': A Literary Transfiguration

Baudelaire's anti-social action against the glazier (i.e. dropping the flower pot) cannot be fully explained by deeming it an acte gratuit or a manifestation of the imp of the perverse.

Heck, Francis S

The Fate of Beauty in Romantic Criticism

It is generally agreed that "beauty" refers to no definite concept, but definitions of beauty are nonetheless generally sought.

Raser, Timothy B

Adolphe L'Étranger

The stranger motiv is an essential aspect of Adolphe.

Guggenheim, Michel

Narrative as Moral Action in Mérimée's Colomba

Mérimée's Colomba (1840) explores the nature of guilt, justice and truth, and their relationship to literature.

Crecelius, Kathryn J

Balzac's Linguistic Deception in his `Princesse de Cadignan'

Balzac's presentation is direct and clearly informative only on the surface. His language, however, is misguiding and it stirs readers ostensibly in one direction in order to arrive, deviously, elsewhere.

Festa-McCormick, Diana

Religion et langage dans Le Rouge et le Noir

The article analyses religious symbolism in Stendhal's novel Le Rouge et le Noir, focusing on those aspects that connect the main character, Julien Sorel, to the figure of Christ. This identification is unrelated to faith.

Simon, Irène


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by Dr. Radut