Unlike Julien Sorel, whose revolt is generally given socio-historic significance, the heroine of Stendhal's Lamiel has aroused interest principally because of the morality – or otherwise – of her behavior.
Numerous aspects of Le Rouge et le Noir still puzzle readers: why is Mathilde so obsessed with violence? why is Christ alluded to in connection with Julien? why is the latter sometimes represented as feminine, and Mathilde as masculine?
This article examines four interlinked themes in Balzac's Honorine: space, time, language and sexuality. Each theme is shown to combine or cross categories. Firstly, space or distance both weaken and strengthen a sense of personal identity.
This article places three nineteenth century French country doctors, viz., Benassis in Balzac's Le Médecin de campagne (1833), Charles Bovary in Flaubert's Madame Bovary (1857), and Pascal in Zola's Le Docteur Pascal (1893) in the context of medic
While prostitution is not an uncommon motif in the fiction of the late nineteenth century, Jean Lorrain may be the most well-informed annalist of "(l)a Belle époque . . . irriguée par des bidets" (Jullian).
Despite the apparent pornographic, misogynistic framing of Rachilde's texts, her writing is a statement of feminine desire. Her work specifically (if cryptically) address the mother-daughter relationship.