From Mother to Son: 'l'envers' of the Balzacian Family

In L'Envers de l'histoire contemporaine Balzac sketches out social, economic, and familial structures different from those found in most of La Comédie humaine.

Perry, Katrina

Prisons et exils: où sont allés les héros de Waterloo

By incorporating the battle of Waterloo into the events of their novels, Hugo and Stendhal create a portrait of its principal protagonist, Napoléon ler.

Best, Janice

Victor Hugo and the Idea of the United States of Europe

This study begins by tracing the development of the idea of the United States of Europe in Hugo's works from its origin in the ode entitled A la colon de la place Vendôme (1827) to its first formulation in a speech delivered as chair of the Paris

Metzidakis, Angelo

Probématique d'un sujet féminin en régime patriarcal: Ourika de Mme de Duras

A close study of the narrative strategies, use of pronouns, and representation of the protagonist reveal that this text lays bare, in an exemplary fashion, the foundations of the patriarchal system and exposes the process of its functioning: usurp

Bertrand-Jennings, C

Réclusion et exclusion: L'ambiguïté du désir dans la représentation de la femme islamique

Orientalism has often been accused of being a mere excuse for voyeurism. And this may seem all the more true that the veiled woman is often represented in the nude.

Beaudan, Colette Juilliard

Response to an Invitation from Mallarmé

by Mallarmé's statement at the beginning of Igitur that the tale "s'adresse à l'lntelligence du lecteur qui met les choses en scène, elle-même," an imaginary bilingual conversation is staged between Igitur and Lewis Carroll's Alice. (DS)

San, Debra

Profession, Antisemite: Ideology and Gender in the Life and Works of Gyp

The prolific fin-de-siècle novelist and caricaturist Gyp was notorious as an anti-Semitic activist and propagandist, hailed as "the feminine center of nationalism." Her anti-Semitism stemmed partly from her ambivalence about her gender and from he

Silverman, Willa Z

'Armature mystérieuse' et 'Plastique morale': le portrait littéraire selon Mallarmé

When he wants to make the literary portrait of some artist, Mallarmé, rejecting the historian's trivial details and scrupulous chronology, endeavors to draw the global and integral architecture that gives a shape to the man's fate as well as to hi

Meitinger, Serge

Rachilde's L'Heure sexuelle: Toward a Literature fin-de-sexe

Supported by Cesare Lombroso's medical argument, a thesis subsequently diffused by Max Nordau in his treatise Degeneration, fin-de-siècle writers tended to paint woman as a monster of depravity, as the gynander who dominates the emasculated male e

Ziegler, Robert

Gender and the Æsthetic of `le Mal': Louise Ackermann's Poésies philosophiques, 1871

Moral goodness and transgressive badness are conventionally gendered as feminine and masculine in nineteenth-century poetry; the cultural valorization of women's literary edification contrasts with a masculine aesthetic of le mal, informing the co

Jenson, Deborah


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